Albert Camus – Biography
The French author, journalist, philosopher and Nobel Prize winner Albert Camus was born on the 7th November 1913 in Mondovi, Algeria to a French-Algerian Settler family. His father Lucien died in 1914 in the Battle of the Marne during the First World War and his Spanish mother was half-deaf.
During his childhood Albert Camus grew up in relatively poor conditions in the Belcourt section of Algiers. However In 1923, Camus was enrolled into the lycee followed by University of Algiers to receive education. Unfortunately in 1930 Albert Camus contracted tuberculosis, the disease brought an end to his footballing passion, and turned his education into a part-time affair.
In order to survive Albert Camus took odd jobs like car parts clerk, private tutor, assistant at the meteorological department etc. In 1935 Camus completed his license de philosophie a French degree equivalent to B.A. In the subsequent year he presented his thesis on Plotinus, an ancient Greek philosopher to receive his diplôme d’études supérieures .
During 1935 Albert Camus became active with the French Communist Party with the objective of voicing inequalities between Native Algerians and Europeans. Although Camus was close to the Algerian Communist Party he was expelled from it due to his active participation in the endeavors of the Algerian People’s Party an act denounced by Communist comrades. Albert Camus Later joined the French anarchist movement and actively published anarchist publications like Solidaridad Obrera, La révolution Proletarienne and Le Libertaire.
Albert Camus married Simone Hie, a morphine addict, in 1934 but unfortunately their marriage ended due to infidelities in their relationship. Albert Camus founded a theater in 1935 by the name of Théâtre du Travail which stands for “Worker’s Theatre”, and later in 1937 renamed it as Théâtre de l’Equipe or “Team’s Theatre”. Albert Camus Briefly worked for an Alger-Republican, socialist paper where he highlighted the lifestyle of Kabylie people who lived in very poor conditions.
At the age of twenty seven Albert Camus married a mathematician cum pianist by the name of Francine Faure although he was a keen denouncer of marriage and termed marriage as unnatural. A philosophy he pursued even after the birth of his twin babies. Albert was known for his unconventional extramarital affairs. In 1941 Albert Camus worked with the French magazine Paris-Soir and simultaneously finished his first two books The Stranger and The Myth of Sisyphus.
During the Second World War Albert Camus joined the underground publication division of Combat the French resistance cell against the Nazi Invasion of Paris. Albert Camus contributed his thoughts under the pseudonym of Beuchard. In 1943 the thirty year old writer accepted the responsibilities of the Editor for Combat.
Some of the literal marvels of Albert Camus includes The Plague published in 1947, The Rebel published in 1951, L’Express and novel The Fall in 1956, The Réflexions sur la Guillotine an essay denouncing capital punishment was published during the same time. Albert Camus was awarded the Noble Prize for his contribution to literary production in the year 1957.
Albert Camus unexpectedly died at the age of 47 in a car accident near Sens leaving behind his twin children Catherine and Jean. Two of his books were published posthumously, a novel by the title a Happy Death published in 1970 and The First Man published in 1995.